Prefer Guard Clauses over nested conditionals
Ever find yourself wrapping a method with a conditional:
Or maybe you subscribe to the one exit from a method strategy.
I write code that looks like this a lot. And you know what, I didn’t think it had a code smell until my colleague Abdel looked over it the other day.
“Why don’t you ever use guard clauses?” he asked.
A guard clause is a conditional statement at the top of a function that bails out as soon as it can. Like this:
return false if filename.blank? #<- Guard clause
File.write...# blah blah
I didn’t have a good reason for not using Guard Clauses, except an idea in the back of my head that there should only be one exit from a method. There’s a bunch of stuff online that promotes this way of writing methods, but I’ve discovered recently that most of the reasons to support one exit are baloney.
Functions with single exit points are handy for languages that require decent memory management like C, but in Ruby where you have a garbage collector this doesn’t make any sense.
Also, if you’re writing uber long functions, then it makes sense to have a single exit point – but if you’re writing uber long functions then you’re a terrible programmer.
Anyway, so Abdel refactored my code by adding in some tasty guard clauses, and I’ve become a die hard fan.
PS: Of course, with all refactoring it’s about the readability and maintainability of your code. Don’t blindly adopt guard clauses if it makes your code harder to read.
PPS: Read more about guard clauses at refactoring.com